Spondylosis in Hollywood & Miami FL


Serving the South Florida area with locations in Hollywood and Miami, FL

Dr. Andreas C. Tomac, MD, PhD, FAANS is a distinguished neurosurgeon specializing in diagnosing and treating Spondylosis.

What is a Spondylosis?

Spondylosis, also known as spinal osteoarthritis, is a degenerative condition that affects the spine as a result of aging and wear-and-tear on the spinal discs and joints. Over time, the intervertebral discs, which act as cushions between the vertebrae, may lose water content and elasticity, leading to reduced disc height. Additionally, the facet joints, responsible for the spine’s flexibility, may experience increased stress and develop arthritis. These changes can contribute to the development of bone spurs (osteophytes) along the edges of the vertebrae. Common symptoms of spondylosis include chronic back pain, stiffness, and reduced flexibility. While spondylosis is a normal part of aging, it can be exacerbated by factors such as genetics, injury, or improper posture.

Who can it affect?

Spondylosis is a condition that can affect individuals across various age groups, particularly as they age. As a degenerative process, spondylosis is often associated with the natural wear-and-tear that occurs in the spine over time. While it is more prevalent in older adults, spondylosis can also impact younger individuals, especially those with specific risk factors such as a family history of spinal disorders, previous injuries to the spine, or occupations or activities that place repetitive stress on the spine. Sedentary lifestyles, obesity, and poor posture can also contribute to the development and progression of spondylosis. While the condition is a normal part of aging, the severity of symptoms can vary widely among individuals. Healthcare professionals, including orthopedic specialists or rheumatologists, play a key role in diagnosing and managing spondylosis, tailoring treatment plans to address individual needs and improve spinal function.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of spondylosis can vary based on the location and extent of degeneration in the spine. Common symptoms may include:

  • Chronic Back Pain: Persistent and often dull pain in the affected region of the spine, typically in the lower back or neck.
  • Stiffness: Reduced flexibility and stiffness, especially after periods of inactivity or upon waking in the morning.
  • Pain with Movement: Pain that worsens with certain movements or activities, such as bending or twisting the spine.
  • Radiating Pain: In some cases, spondylosis may lead to radiating pain or numbness into the arms or legs if nerves are affected.
  • Muscle Weakness: Weakness in the muscles served by the affected nerves, particularly if there is nerve compression.
  • Headaches: Cervical spondylosis, affecting the neck, may contribute to headaches.

It’s important to note that while spondylosis is a common part of aging and may not always cause noticeable symptoms, individuals experiencing persistent or worsening pain or discomfort should seek medical evaluation. Healthcare professionals, including orthopedic specialists, rheumatologists, or neurosurgeons, can play a crucial role in diagnosing spondylosis and developing appropriate management plans based on the individual’s specific symptoms and overall health.

Treating Spondylosis

Spondylosis in Hollywood & Miami FL

How is Spondylosis diagnosed?

Diagnosing spondylosis involves a comprehensive evaluation, and a neurosurgeon such as Dr. Tomac can be instrumental in this diagnostic process. Dr. Tomac typically begins by obtaining a detailed medical history, including information about the onset and characteristics of symptoms, any relevant injuries or traumas, and the patient’s overall health. A thorough physical examination assesses the range of motion, stability, and neurological function of the spine. Imaging studies, such as X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or Computed Tomography (CT) scans, are essential to visualize the spine and identify degenerative changes, including disc thinning, bone spurs, and arthritis in the facet joints. Dr. Tomac’s expertise in neurosurgery allows for a precise analysis of imaging results, aiding in the accurate diagnosis of spondylosis. The collaborative approach between the patient and Dr. Tomac is crucial in determining the severity of the condition and developing an individualized treatment plan tailored to address the specific characteristics of spondylosis. Seeking timely medical attention is essential for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of this degenerative spinal condition.


Spondylosis in Hollywood & Miami FL

What treatments are available?

The treatment of spondylosis often involves a combination of conservative measures and, in some cases, surgical intervention. A neurosurgeon like Dr. Tomac can provide expertise in assessing the severity of spondylosis and recommending appropriate treatments. Common approaches include:

  • Conservative Measures:
    • Physical Therapy: Targeted exercises to improve flexibility, strengthen supporting muscles, and alleviate symptoms.
    • Pain Management: Medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and pain relievers to manage pain and inflammation.
    • Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a proper posture, staying physically active, and managing weight.
  • Interventional Procedures:
    • Epidural Steroid Injections: Injections of corticosteroids into the epidural space to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  • Surgical Interventions:
    • Discectomy: Surgical removal of part or all of a damaged or herniated disc.
    • Laminectomy: Removal of the lamina (part of the vertebral bone) to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
    • Spinal Fusion: Surgical procedure to fuse vertebrae together, stabilizing the spine.